Breno Baptista

Generating a Dynamic Sitemap in Next.js

You can provide search engines with all the URLs for your website using a sitemap. This allows for easier indexing and more efficient crawling by the search engines. In case you have a blog or another website that creates new pages constantly, it's better to generate a dynamic sitemap.

I'm using markdown files to manage my blog posts, but there is also a way to dynamically create a sitemap if you get your content from a CMS.

Sitemap (sitemap.xml)

Create a lib/sitemap.ts file and add this code (modify it to fit your case):

import fs from 'fs'
import { Post } from './posts'

const baseUrl = ''

const generateSitemapItem = (post: Post): string => `

const generateSitemapChannel = (
  posts: Post[]
): string => `<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<urlset xmlns="">

const generateSitemap = (allPostsData: Post[]): void => {
  if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development') {

  const sitemap = generateSitemapChannel(allPostsData)

  fs.writeFileSync('public/sitemap.xml', sitemap)

export default generateSitemap

You may notice that the indentation seems a little weird, but it's required to make the generated file look properly formatted.

Import the generateSitemap function in the pages/index.tsx file and add it to the getStaticProps to make sure Next.js will call this function during the build of the pages/index.tsx page in production and generate the sitemap.

export async function getStaticProps() {
  // ...

  const allPostsData = getSortedPostsData()


  return {
    // ...

This is my sitemap.xml in production.

Robots exclusion standard (robots.txt)

You can use robots.txt to tell search engines where is your sitemap instead of manually submitting it to all of them. You can also tell them which routes they are or are not allowed to index.

This is my public/robots.txt so you can modify it to fit your case:

User-agent: *


This is my robots.txt in production.

Low-poly portrait of Breno Baptista

Breno Baptista is a software engineer who likes to explore new things every day. He is interested in Linux, open-source software, digital privacy and front-end development.